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Monkeypox: recognition and prevention in sports

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prologue

Monkeypox is a zoonotic disease caused by the orthopox DNA monkeypox virus. At the beginning of 2022, a sharp increase in monkeypox cases was observed. The exact reason for this epidemiological change is not well understood. Indeed, phylogenetic analyzes of some of the currently circulating strains suggest that they may have been circulating at low levels from 2017 to 2019.1 Other potential reasons for the increase in cases include reduced immunity and/or behavioral changes in smallpox, and increased travel restrictions after COVID-19.

As of October 17, there will be more than 73,000 cases of monkeypox diagnosed worldwide through 2022, including 102 countries where monkeypox is not routinely endemic.2 Although still a rare disease, WHO declared the rapidly spreading monkeypox outbreak a global public health emergency on 23 July 2022.3 This editorial summarizes monkeypox awareness and prevention information relevant to sports, athletes, and clinicians. Monkeypox treatment and diagnostic testing are beyond the scope of this article.Four

What are the symptoms of monkeypox?

The most common symptoms of monkeypox are fever and rash.Thornhill others summarized findings from 528 cases in 16 countries in the current outbreak.Five Rash was seen in 95% of cases and fever was seen in 62% of cases. The rash can spread over a wide area, but in some cases it may not be immediately apparent. Thirty-nine percent of the patients in his cohort had less than 5 lesions, and 10% had…

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