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Prostate cancer: Symptoms, signs, treatment and how to book a check-up

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Getting a prostate exam can be a life-saving measure – don’t put it off (Photo: Getty)

About 1 in 8 men in the UK will develop a prostate cancer at some point in their lifetime.

This makes it the most common type of cancer for men in the UK. one of the most treatable10-year survival rate is 98%. cancer net.

According to research, One-third of men postpone prostate cancer testsespecially about the fear of being diagnosed and the side effects of treatment.

But these checks are potentially life-saving, and in early 2022, the NHS and charity Prostate Cancer UK campaigned to urge men to get checked. has proven successful.

If you want to know how to get tested, here’s what you need to know and what symptoms to look out for.

What is the prostate?

The prostate is a walnut-sized gland in the pelvis of men.

The prostate is a small gland in the pelvis of men (Photo: Getty)

It lies between the penis and bladder and surrounds the urethra.

The primary function of the prostate is to produce a thick white fluid that when mixed with sperm produced by the testicles produces semen.

What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?

according to NHS websitesymptoms of prostate cancer may include:

  • need to pee more often, often at night
  • need to run to the toilet
  • Difficult to pee
  • Straining or taking a long time while peeing
  • weak current
  • Feeling that the bladder is not completely empty
  • Hematuria or blood in semen.

However, symptoms tend not to appear until the cancer is large enough to compress the urethra.

Prostate cancer survival rate is 98% (Photo: Getty)

Therefore, it is recommended to get tested regularly even if you do not have any symptoms.

However, general practitioners and clinical technical leads lloyds pharmacy online doctor, Dr. Samir Sanvi “Because prostate cancer grows slowly, symptoms may not appear for years.”

“Usually, symptoms appear only when the prostate becomes large enough to affect the tubes that carry urine from the bladder to the tip of the penis.”

“This is why it’s so important to get tested if you have any concerns.”

How to make an appointment for a prostate cancer screening

There are no special procedures for scheduling a prostate exam, so just make an appointment with your GP and let them know when you want the test.

If you would like to see a male doctor, please let the receptionist know when you make your reservation.

At the time of your appointment, your GP will access your prostate cancer risk based on your age and other factors such as age. Ethnicity.

Then they can do their first exam.

Prostate Cancer UK also 30 seconds quick test You can access risk at home.

During the test, you will be asked three questions about your age, ethnicity, and family history of illness. All of these things can affect your chances of getting sick.

However, even if the risk factors are low, it is still recommended to see a doctor.

Despite how prevalent this cancer may be, it’s worth noting that No regular NHS prostate screening program.

Dr Sanghvi said: “For various reasons (including questions about test reliability), there is currently no prostate screening program in the UK.

“However, men over the age of 50 can arrange blood tests after consulting with their primary care physician.”

“If you are black or have a family history of prostate cancer, this service may be available after age 45.”

What does a prostate exam include?

Many people are nervous or embarrassed about having a prostate exam, but it is a painless and fairly quick process.

Testing may include an examination of the prostate by a doctor.

You can get a prostate test at your GP (Photo: Getty)

To do this, doctors place a gloved finger into the rectum and look for abnormal signs, such as a lumpy, hard prostate. This test is called a digital rectal exam (DRE).

However, Dr. Sanghvi reminds us that this is not the only option.

“Men often squeal about prostate exams because they think a digital rectal exam (in other words, a physical anal exam) is necessary.

“But no. Blood tests and MRIs are some of the less invasive ways to check for prostate cancer.”

“Additionally, while I understand why rectal examinations can be disconcerting to patients, I would like to remind men that they should not be painful and should be over quickly.”

You may be asked to provide a urine sample and undergo blood tests, which may also include an MRI scan or biopsy.

How is prostate cancer treated?

If you test positive for cancer, various treatments are available.

Your primary care physician and your assigned cancer support team will discuss the options that are best for you.

This may include radiation therapy, high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU), cryotherapy, hormone therapy, or surgical removal of the prostate.

However, sometimes no treatment is needed at all.

If the cancer is in its early stages and is not causing symptoms, your doctor may suggest either “wait and see” or “active surveillance.”

This depends on many factors, including age and general health.

Can women get prostate cancer?

Women cannot get prostate cancer because they do not have a prostate.

But that doesn’t mean they shouldn’t be aware of similar cancers that may affect them.

Dr. Sanghvi said:

“However, there is a type of cancer that affects the Skene gland that can affect women, although it is very rare.”

“The Skene glands are a group of glands and ducts in the front of the vagina that are similar in structure to the prostate.”

more : One-third of men postpone life-saving prostate cancer tests because of treatment anxiety

more : ‘I’m not dead’: what breast cancer patients want to know about how they feel

more : NHS wait times at all-time high, A&E and cancer patients hit hardest

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