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USDA approves GMO purple tomato with brain-boosting and cancer-fighting properties

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genetically for the first time The only commercially available genetically modified (GM) food was the tomato, which was invented in the United States in 1994. genetically modified food Corn, cotton, potatoes, pink pineapple, etc.

nevertheless genetically modified food There are actually many reasons why it might be worth altering the genetics of an organism.For example, many varieties of genetically modified foods have made them more disease resistant.

It is possible to change the food make them more nutritious. for example, golden riceThis grain is designed to have higher levels of vitamin A. Address this nutrient deficiency in poor countries.

However, despite the development of genetically modified foods since 1994, very few products have actually hit the market.of Continuing public ignorance Along with the reluctance of government policy makers in some countries about genetically engineered foods, this is hindering the movement of genetically engineered foods from the laboratory to the market.this is the reason Regulatory approval This September’s US purple tomato harvest is very exciting.

make purple tomatoes

for the past 14 years, Cathy Martin When Eugenio Butelli The John Innes Center in Norfolk, England, and his team have been working on purple tomatoes. They aimed to design a tomato with higher levels of anthocyanins, which could be used alongside unmodified tomatoes to study the benefits of anthocyanins. Due to its widespread consumption, the team decided to revamp the tomato.

Anthocyanins are naturally found in many fruits and vegetables with red, purple, or blue flesh or skin, such as blueberries, strawberries, eggplant, and red cabbage. integrated gene From snapdragon to tomato DNA.

The end result of these experiments was a unique fruit, not just because of its color. This is beneficial for many reasons.

High levels of anthocyanins in purple tomatoes can Twice the expiration date Compare with red tomato. This is because anthocyanins help delay overripening and reduce the fruit’s susceptibility to post-harvest fungal attack.

another advantage High levels of anthocyanins attract pollinators and animals to disperse seeds, increasing plant reproductive success and yield.Anthocyanins protect plants UV damage When protect them from pathogensto maximize survival.

Anthocyanins may also be good for your health. Studies on other foods containing them have linked them to reducing inflammation and lowering the risk of type 2 diabetes. cancer. they again protect the brain against diseases such as dementia.

Research into the benefits of purple tomatoes, particularly to humans, is still ongoing, but one study that fed cancer-prone mice a diet supplemented with purple tomatoes actually found that lived 30 percent longer compared to mice fed red tomatoes.

GM’s future

Genetically modified rice may help fight malnutrition.David Greedy/Getty Images News/Getty Images

The last few years have seen many exciting developments in the field of GM foods. Genome-edited GABA tomato Japan and Tomatoes rich in vitamin D Both were developed using CRISPR genome editing technology.

Genetic modification offers many advantages. Not only can development help address the challenges of climate change, more resilient cropsbut certain higher level breeding plants vitamins and minerals It has the potential to improve health and reduce the burden of many common ailments. GM crops may also help ensure that everyone has access to high-quality, fresh produce that is good for themselves and the environment, wherever they live.

genetically modified food tightly regulated In many countries, that is, Approved for consumption Safe for human, plant and animal health.

The biggest challenge now is getting more governments around the world to approve the marketing of these genetically engineered foods. Britain is ahead of other countries, Regulation of gene-edited cropsit is currently unknown if GM purple tomatoes will be sold there. However, it is expected that purple tomatoes will be sold in the US. 2023 at the earliest.

This article was originally published on conversation Yang Yue Quadrum Institute. read Original article here.

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