The holiday season is a time for close gatherings with loved ones and people you haven’t seen in a while, but these close gatherings carry the risk of spreading contagious diseases, such as respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), to more vulnerable populations. increases. get really sick.
A wave of RSV cases in children began earlier this year, causing an unusually high number of hospitalizations, according to the WHO. data From the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
“The (RSV) epidemic appears to have started earlier than usual and the number of cases is higher than usual,” said Mary T. Caserta, Ph.D., member of the Infectious Diseases Board of the American Academy of Pediatrics. increase. November 17th report From AAP. “The number of cases and hospitalizations has increased dramatically.”
Higher-than-usual RSV rates and warnings of a harsh respiratory virus season are contributing to the understaffed healthcare industry, imbalances in hospital bed payments, and other impacts on pediatric care. Another factor. CNN opinion piece.Dr. Moira Shiragi, president of the American Academy of Pediatrics, writes:
RSV is a common virus. Most children become infected before their second birthday. Anyone can become infected, but infants, children under the age of five, the elderly, and immunocompromised individuals are particularly susceptible to severe illness, which can lead to pneumonia, bronchitis, and the need for hospitalization.
in the meantime Nearly all children will be infected with RSV at least once Since most recover at home before their second birthday, it’s important to know the signs of more serious infections so they can get the care they need. You may also need to take some simple precautions (which can be awkward) if other people are holding or close to your child.
Is it a ‘COVID cough’ or RSV?
Coughing is a common symptom of many respiratory viruses.So how can you tell what is causing your child’s cough?
“From a clinical standpoint, it’s difficult to tell how coughs differ,” Dr. Syeda Amna Husain, a New Jersey-based pediatrician, said in an email. RSV, COVID-19, and All flus can cause bronchiolitis-like (lung infection) symptoms in children, which can make it difficult to move the lungs to get air in, Hussein says.
According to Husain, testing is the only surefire way to know which virus is responsible and could narrow down treatment options.
What is RSV? how does it spread?
Respiratory syncytial virus is a common respiratory virus. spread to others via small droplets from an infected person’s nose or throat. These droplets are transmitted when they come into contact with a sick person or touch a contaminated surface and enter the eye, nose, or throat. after that Touch your eyes, nose and mouth.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the virus can live on hard surfaces (such as cribs) for hours. RSV does not live very long on soft surfaces such as skin and tissue. According to the CDC, it is the most common cause of bronchiolitis and pneumonia in infants under 1 year of age.
Can an adult catch RSV from a child?
yes. Children often become infected with RSV at school or daycare and carry it home. other familyHowever, most adults have mild or no symptoms of RSV.
Some adults are elderly, people with weakened immune systems, or lung or heart problems It can lead to more serious illness and complications.
What are your child’s or baby’s symptoms?
usually have symptoms About 4 to 6 days after infection or exposure, according to the CDC. Common signs are:
- runny nose
- loss of appetite
- coughing or wheezing
of very young infantsHowever, the only symptoms are irritability and fussiness. Decreased activity or more tired behavior than usual; or difficulty breathing, including pauses in breathing.
How to avoid RSV
Because RSV is a respiratory virus, taking many of the same health precautions you take for other viruses can reduce the risk of you or your child contracting RSV. This includes avoiding contact with sick or symptomatic people, avoiding indoor crowded places, and washing your hands before eating or touching your face.
For babies and young children, if you are concerned about catching the virus, you can take precautions by not allowing other people to kiss, hug, or touch your baby. You can also ask them to wash their hands and wear a mask when you pick them up.) Ideally, the CDC says: People with cold-like symptoms should avoid being around children Increased risk of RSV.
How can I minimize the risk of RSV in active children who tend to hold their hands and toys everywhere?
“Keep your child’s hands away from his face, especially his nose and mouth,” Hussain said. You can also disinfect frequently touched surfaces such as toys, counter surfaces and door handles.
Signs to take your child to the hospital
CDC and American Academy of Pediatricsinclude:
- rapid breathing or wheezing
- Breathe with your nostrils wide open, or “shake your head” with each breath
- Pull or belly breathe as shown in the video. AAP page (It may look like your ribcage is sunken in.)
- Your child cannot drink or is dehydrated (less than 1 wet diaper every 8 hours).
- Your child’s lips, skin, or tongue are grayish or blue
Very young infants (less than 6 months), premature infants, premature infants, children with weakened immune systems, neuromuscular disorders (problems with swallowing or mucus excretion), and children with other health problems teeth, Increased risk of severe disease from RSV. If your child has mild symptoms, you may not need additional treatment outside the home. However, according to the Cleveland Clinic, your child may need to be given an IV (I get an IV) if: rapid breathing is impeding them From drinking and hydration. About 3% of children infected with RSV require hospitalization, and most can go home within two to three days, according to clinics.
If you are older, have a weakened immune system, or have underlying medical conditions, you may also be at increased risk of serious illness from RSV. In fact, the older the population, the greater the burden of death from respiratory syncytial virus.according to CDC surveillanceRSV is expected to kill at least 6,000 to 10,000 adults over the age of 65 each year in the United States, compared to 100 to 300 deaths in children under the age of five.
If you or someone around you is having trouble breathing, always seek emergency medical care and medical attention immediately.
Treatment of RSV
Since RSV is a viral infection, antibiotics do not work. Treatment of RSV is usually supportive, and over-the-counter medications (but aspirin should not be used in children) may help relieve common symptoms such as coughing and congestion. Not all drug ingredients are safe for children and their small, growing bodies, so a doctor should be consulted before giving any drug to a child.
High-risk children with severe disease may be treated with the antiviral drug ribavirin and intravenous immune globulin. Treatment may also be considered for adults who are severely immunocompromised. The majority of patients do not require these interventions.
Prevention strategies are available for high-risk infants and children. There is a monoclonal antibody called PalivizumabIt is given in monthly injections during RSV season and is intended for children at high risk of hospitalization. Some eligible children Babies born very prematurely (under 29 weeks) and young children with compromised immune systems or other health conditions such as heart disease or neuromuscular disease. November, AAP Guidance updated We also suggested to physicians to consider 5 or more consecutive doses of palivizumab in high-risk patients.
If you think your child is at high risk and may be eligible for treatment, talk to your doctor.
Is there a vaccine?
There is no vaccine for RSV yet, but scientists are working on one.Pfizer Presenting Promising Results A global trial this week found that it was about 82% effective in preventing serious illness in babies after birth during the first three months of life when administered to pregnant women. In the child’s first six months, it was about 69% effective.
International vaccine trial begins in the elderly.also have
The information contained in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and is not intended to constitute health or medical advice. If you have any questions about your medical condition or health purposes, always consult a physician or other qualified Talk to your health care provider.