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Multimodal enrichment as the optimal learning strategy of the future

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Vocabulary tone learning materials and three types of enrichment materials with different perceptual and semantic congruences. (A) Learning Materials. Contours of the four Mandarin vocabulary tones displayed on the auditory spectrogram. Tones are characterized as flat, rising, falling-rising, or falling. Contours within each spectrogram are highlighted with dashed white lines. (B) Visual tone marks that are perceptually congruent with the pitch contours of each tone and that can be used for multisensory perceptual enhancement. (C) A visual representation that semantically matches the meaning of words containing the tone presented in (A) and is used for multisensory semantic reinforcement. (D) Perceptually congruent representation of pitch contours by gestures. credit: Trends in cognitive science (2022). DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2022.10.007

In a recent review article in the journal, neuroscientists Katharina von Kriegstein of Dresden University of Technology and Brian Mathias of the University of Aberdeen present broad interdisciplinary findings from neuroscience, psychology, computer modeling and education on the topic of “learning”. summarized. Trends in cognitive science.

An interdisciplinary review revealed the mechanism. brain Used to improve learning outcomes by combining multiple senses and movements. This type of learning outcome applies to a variety of areas, including letter and vocabulary acquisition, reading comprehension, mathematics, music, and spatial awareness.

Many educational approaches are premised on integrating complementary sensory and motor information into the brain. learning experience For example, gestures can help you learn new vocabulary in a foreign language class.

In her recent publication, neuroscientist Katharina von Kriegstein of Dresden University of Technology and Brian Mathias of the University of Aberdeen summarize these methods under the term ‘multimodal enrichment’. This means richness through multiple senses and movements. Numerous current scientific studies prove that multimodal enrichment can improve learning outcomes. Classroom experiments have shown similar results.

In a review article, two researchers compare these findings with cognitive, neuroscience, and computational theories of multimodal enrichment.recently neuroscience Study finds positive effects of enriched learning are related to response brain area it helps perception, motor function.

For example, hearing a recently learned word in a foreign language can induce activity in motor brain regions if the word is associated with performing congruent gestures during learning. These brain responses are responsible for the benefits of multimodal enrichment on learning outcomes. A computer algorithm confirms this hypothesis.

“The brain is optimized to learn using all senses and movements. Brain structures for perception and movement Exercise capacity Please work with us to foster this kind of learning. We hope that a better understanding of the brain’s learning mechanisms will facilitate the development of optimal learning strategies in the future,” explains Brian Mathias.

Katharina von Kriegstein adds: effective. ”

“Recently discovered neuroscientific mechanisms may prompt an update of cognitive and computational theories of learning and provide new hypotheses about learning. We anticipate that it will lead to the optimization of learning and teaching strategies: human and artificial systems.”

For more information:
Brian Mathias et al., Enriched Learning: Behavior, Brain, and Computation, Trends in cognitive science (2022). DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2022.10.007

Quote: Learning Through All Senses: Multimodal Enrichment as the Optimal Learning Strategy of the Future (1 February 2023) https://phys.org/news/2023-02-multimodal-enrichment-optimal-strategy- Retrieved 01-Feb-2023 from future.html

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